New found enzyme responsible for seed oil production
US Biologists found a new enzyme (Plastid Lipase 1, PLIP1) in plants that breaks down the internal membranes of chloroplasts which consist of lipids. These lipids are transported to the endoplasmic reticulum where they become building blocks for seed oil. PLIP1 is found in most land plants. It is responsible for 10% of the lipid precursors that end up as seed oil. As comparison: The main source for seed oil is responsible for 20-40%. Now the scientists want to increase the amount of PLIP1 in plants for biofuels production.